Mexico is located in North America and is the second largest country in Latin America. Mexico is a federal republic consisting of 31 states and the capital, Mexico City, is one of the largest cities in the world, and the largest in the Western Hemisphere. The country has around 122 million inhabitants and a surface area of almost two million square kilometres. Mexico is situated between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to the east.
- Country name : United Mexican States
- The official language is Spanish. In some of the more touristy areas people also speak English, but, outside these areas it’s rare to find English speakers. In many of the villages people speak Spanish as a second language, indigenous languages being their native tongue.
- Time difference: The majority of Mexico is in the Central Time Zone – Mexico time is six to seven hours earlier than Amsterdam, Netherlands; one hour earlier than New York and Washington DC, USA.
- is the biggest Spanish-speaking country in the world.
- is the country with the largest variety of reptiles with 707 known species.
- is the second country in the world with the largest variety of mammals, the fourth with the largest variety of amphibians, and the fourth with the most variety in flora with 26.000 different species. Around 2.500 species are protected by Mexican law.
- has almost 10% of its country protected as national reserves.
- has 34 biosphere reserves, 68 national parks, and four natural monuments.
- is is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world with more than 200.000 different species of flora and fauna.
- boasts 10 to 12% of the world’s biodiversity.
- is a democracy.
- has the highest capital income of Latin America.
- cuisine is one of the most famous cuisines in the world. The most well-known are the tacos, fajitas, and quesadillas; however, the more spectacular dishes are the seven different mole´s (a traditional sauce made with a lot of different ingredients) that Oaxaca is especially known for. In 2010, Mexican cuisine found itself on the World Cultural Heritage list of the UNESCO.